Trauma can be classified in many different ways. Researchers have developed the following categories to help us better understand its impact:
Single events, such as hurricanes, earthquakes or isolated acts of criminal violence can be devastating. However, it is typically repeated traumas, such as ongoing sexual trauma, combat trauma or physical abuse often has more lasting effects.
Deliberate human acts often have the most devastating effects, as opposed to natural disasters. Having a close the relationship to the inflictor of the trauma, and having less control over one’s own situation increases the impact of the events on the individual.